ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERKEMBANGAN MOTORIK HALUS PADA ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH DI TK RA DIPONEGORO DESA NGAJUM KABUPATEN MALANG

Ni Luh Diah Ayu Sita Dewi, Anik Yulaika

Abstract


Abstract : Growth and development are important variables in a child's life cycle,  an increase in volume, brain size, and the formation of synapses to influence. . Fine motor is a factor supporting the readiness of children from preschool age to school age. A child's ability can not only be judged by cognitive ability, to form independence at preschool age, growth and development are key variables that are interrelated. This study aimed to analyze the factors that influence fine motor development in preschool children. This research uses an observational design with a cross sectional approach. The research was conducted at RA Diponegoro Kindergarten, Ngajum Village, Malang Regency. The population and sample of this research were kindergarten students aged 4-5 years as many as 22 children using a technique that was purposive sampling. The research instrument used a questionnaire sheet, observation sheet, and DDST II sheet. This research used Crooss Table test data analysis and Mann Whitney test. This study showed that extrinsic factors of maternal education influence the development of fine motor skills in preschool children in RA Diponegoro Kindergarten, Ngajum Village, Malang Regency with ρ values of 0.020. Recomendation from this research is that training is needed and environmental factors play a major role in the development of fine motor skills in children, the mother as the closest person to the child in the development of five years of early life holds an important key in the development of fine motor skills. 

Keywords : factors, influence, fine motor, preschool

 

Abstrak : Tubuh kembang merupakan variabel penting dalam kehidupan anak, peningkatan volume, ukuran otak, serta pembentukan sinap berjalan bersamaan. Motorik halus merupakan faktor menunjang kesiapan anak dari usia preschool ke usia  sekolah. Kemampuan seorang anak tidak hanya bisa dinilai dari kemampuan kognitif, untuk membentuk kemandirian diusia prasekolah, pertumbuhan maupun perkembangan merupakan variabel kunci sang saling berkaitan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan motorik halus pada anak usia prasekolah. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di TK RA Diponegoro Desa Ngajum Kabupaten Malang. Populasi dan sampel adalah murid TK  berusia 4 - 5 tahun sejumlah 22 anak menggunakan teknik yaitu purposive sampling. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan lembar kuosioner, lembar observasi, dan lembar DDST II. Analisa data menggunakan uji Crooss Table dan uji Mann Whitney. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor ekstrinsik pendidikan ibu mempengaruhi perkembangan motorik halus pada anak usia prasekolah di TK RA Diponegoro Desa Ngajum Kabupaten Malang dengan nilai ρ value sebesar 0,020. Saran dari hasil penelitian adalah diperlukan latihan dan faktor lingkungan sangat berperan dalam perkembangan motorik halus pada anak, ibu sebagai orang terdekat anak pada perkembangan lima tahun awal kehidupanya memegang peranan penting dalam perkembangan kemampuan motorik halus.

Kata Kunci : faktor, pengaruh, motorik halus, prasekolah

Full Text:

PDF (Hal 133-143)

References


Agulló, Inmaculada Riquelme., Beatriz Manzanal González. (2006). Original Article Journal Of International Medical Journal On Down Syndrome Factors Influencing Motor Development In Children With Down Syndrome. International Medical Journal On Down Syndrome 2006: vol. 10, number 2, pp. 18-24

Carolina, Corsi., Mariana Martins dos Santos., Luísa de Andrade Perez Marques., Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha. (2017). Journal Of Pediatria Original Article: Impact Of Extrinsic Factors On Fine Motor Performanceof Children Attending Day Care. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2016;34(4):439---446

Akbar, Ali Pahlevanian., Zahra Ahmadizadeh. (2014). Journal of Middle East J Rehabil Health Research Article Relationship Between Gender and Motor Skills in Preschoolers Middle East. J Rehabil Health. 2014 July; 1(1): e20843 DOI: 10.17795/mejrh-20843 Published online 2014 July 12

Ali, Ajmol., Deborah Pigou., Linda Clarke., Claire McLachlan. (2017). Journal Of Scientific Research Publishing Literature Review On Motor Skill And Physical Activity In Preschool Children In New Zealand Advances In Physical Education. Journal Of Scientific Research January 2017, 7, 10-26 ISSN Online: 2164-0408 ISSN Print: 2164-0386 DOI: 10.4236/ape.2017.71002 February 9, 2017

Ford, Nicole D.,Aryeh D. Stein., (2016). Risk factors affecting child cognitive development: A summary of nutrition, environment, and maternal-child interaction indicators for sub-Saharan Africa. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2016 April ; 7(2): 197–217. doi:10.1017/S2040174415001427.

Jani, Julismah., Mai Shihah Abdullah., Nelfianty Mohd Rasyid. (2013) Proceedings of International Conference on Special Education 2013/CAPEU 409 Fine Motor Skill: A Comparison Between Persons With Albinism And Normal Individuals In Malaysia Proceedings of International Conference on Special Education 2013 /CAPEU 4th-6th September 2013 Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia ISBN: 978-983-2063-81-0

Kevin, David Grissmer., J. Grimm Sophie M., Aiyer and William M., Murrah Joel S. Steele. (2010). Journal Of American Psychological Association Fine Motor Skills And Early Comprehension Of The World: Two New School Readiness Indicators Developmental Psychology. 2010 American Psychological Association 2010, Vol. 46, No. 5, 1008–1017 American Psychological Association 2010, Vol. 46, No. 5, 1008–1017 0012-1649/10/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/a0020104

Knobloch, Hilda., Benjamin Pasamanick. (2018). Journal Of Pediatrics: Environmentalfactorsaffectinghuman Development,Beforeand Afterbirth. Pediatric August 2018

Kumar, R., A. K. Aggarwal., M. Kaur., S. D. Iyengar. (1997). Journal of Tropical Pediatric Factors Influencing Psychosocial Development ofPreschool Children in a Rural Area of Haryana, India. Journal of Tropical Pediatric Vol. 43 December 1997 Oxford University Press 1997

Pem, Deki. (2015). Journal of Advanced Practices in Nursing Factors Affecting Early Childhood Growth and Development: Golden 1000 Days Pem. Adv Practice Nurs 2015, 1:1 DOI: 10.4172/2573-0347.1000101

Peyre, Hugo., Jonathan Y. Bernard., Nicolas Hoertel., Anne Forhanc., Marie-Aline Charles., Maria DeAgostini., Barbara Heude., Franck Ramus. (2016). Journal of Cognitive Development Differential effects of factors influencing cognitivedevelopment at the age of 5-to-6 years Cognitive. Journal of Cognitive Development 40 (2016) 152–162

Qi Yugang., Sijie Tan., Mingyang Sui., Jianxiong Wang,. (2017). Original Article Journal of Rev Bras Med Esporte: Supervised Physical Training Improves Fine Motor Skills Of 5-Year-Old Children. Rev Bras Med Esporte – Vol. 24, No 1 – Jan/Fev, 2018 Article received on 03/15/2017 accepted on 07/17/2017 DOI

Syafril, Syafrimen., Ria Susanti., Rifda El Fiah., Titik Rahayu., Agus Pahrudin., Nova Erlina Yaumas., Noriah Mohd. Ishak. (2018). Four Ways of Fine Motor Skills Development in Early Childhood researchgate. November 2018 328954650

Lestari, Indah., Tri Ratnaningsih. (2016). International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education The Effects of Modified Games on the Development of Gross Motor Skill in Preschoolers. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol.5, No.3, September 2016, pp. 216~220 ISSN: 2252-8822

Macdonald, Kirstin., Nikki Milne., Robin Orr., Rodney Pope. (2018). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Review Relationships between Motor Proficiency and Academic Performance in Mathematics and Reading in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1603; doi:10.3390/ijerph1508160

Matheis, Maya., Jasper A. Estabillo. (2018). Assessment of Fine and Gross Motor Skills in Children Springer International. Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018 J. L. Matson (ed.), Handbook of Childhood Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities Assessment, Autism and Child Psychopathology Series, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93542-3_25

Muluk, Nuray Bayar., Birgu¨l Bayog˘lu., Banu Anlar. (2014). Article in Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology May 2013 Language development and affecting factors in 3- to 6-year-old children. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2014) 271:871–878 DOI 10.1007/s00405-013-2567-0

Venetsanou, Fotini., Antonis Kambas. (2010). Journal Of Early Childhood Education Journal Environmental Factors Affecting Preschoolers’ Motor Development Article in Early Childhood Education Journal • November 2009 DOI: 10.1007/s10643-009-0350-z




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36053/mesencephalon.v5i2.181

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.